You body has an endocannabinoid system and creates cannabinoids naturally. These antioxidants are thought to repair cells in the same fashion that other antioxidants work.
This list is not all cannabinoids, but a short list of the most popular.
CBD has tremendous medical potential. This is particularly true when the correct ratio of CBD to THC is applied to treat a particular condition. CBD acts as an antagonist at both the CB1 and CB2 receptors, yet it has a low binding affinity for both. This suggests that CBD’s mechanism of action is mediated by other receptors in the brain and body. In addition, the World Health Organization recently reported that CBD can help treat epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, psychosis, Parkinson’s disease
CBDA, CBD-acid or CBD-a is the main form in which CBD exists in the cannabis plant, along with THCA (THC-acid). CBD is obtained through non-enzymatic decarboxylation from the acidic form of the cannabinoid, this reaction taking place when the compounds are heated. Heating or catalyzing CBDa transforms it into CBD, thereby increasing the total CBD level. Research shows higher concentrations of CBDA displayed more pronounced antimicrobial activity than CBD alone.
Like THCV, CBDV differs from CBD only by the substitution of a pentyl (5 carbon) for a propyl (3 carbon) sidechain. Although research on CBDV is still in its initial stages, recent studies have shown promise for its use in the management of epilepsy. This is due to its action at TRPV1 receptors and modulation of gene expression. There are other cannabinoids that end in “V” too. This group includes CBGV, CBCV, CBDV, and of course THCV. Otherwise known as the “varins,” these cannabinoids
CBG is a common cannabinoid found in essentially all cannabis plants. Like all of the cannabinoids mentioned so far, CBG is produced as CBGA. All the primary cannabinoids are created from CBGA. This is how CBGA got its nickname of “mother of all cannabinoids.” CBG’s antibacterial effects can alter the overall effects of cannabis. CBG is known to kill or slow bacterial growth, reduce inflammation, (particularly in its acidic CBGA form,) inhibit cell growth in tumor/cancer cells, and promote bone regeneration
CBN is a mildly psychoactive cannabinoid that is produced from the degradation of THC. There is usually very little to no CBN in a fresh plant. CBN acts as a weak agonist at both the CB1 and CB2 receptors, with greater affinity for CB2 receptors than CB1. The degradation of THC into CBN is often described as creating a sedative effect, known as a “couch lock.” CBN is considered to be sedative by many, however there is little research to support this. Pure CBN doesn’t seem to have a sedative effect
Evidence has suggested that it may play a role in the anti-inflammatory and anti-viral effects of cannabis, and may contribute to the overall analgesic effects of medical cannabis. A study done in March 2010 showed that CBC along with cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) have antidepressant effects. Another study showed that CBC helps promote neurogenesis. CBC might also help protect the brain from neurodegenerative conditions like Alzheimer’s.
THC tends to get the most attention as the most plentiful cannabinoid in the modern cannabis plant, and the one that causes the well-known psychoactivity or “high” associated with cannabis. It’s also praised for its strong medicinal effects, which continues to be utilized by patients all over the world.
THCA, THC-acid or THC-a is the main form in which THC exists in the cannabis plant. THC is obtained through non-enzymatic decarboxylation from the acidic form of the cannabinoid, this reaction taking place when the compounds are heated. Heating or catalyzing THCa transforms it into THC, thereby increasing the total THC level.
THCV is a minor cannabinoid found in only some strains of cannabis. The only structural difference between THCV and THC is the presence of a propyl (3 carbon) group, rather than a pentyl (5 carbon) group, on the molecule. Though this variation may seem subtle, it causes THCV to produce very different effects than THC. Reported to produce a relaxing, euphoric, and energizing high, THCV may help block the anxiety-inducing effects of THC when the two are used together.
Cannabis terpenes are often found in other botanicals (plants) and are thought to be rich in healing properties. All the terpenese CannAmerica uses are botanical derived including some from the cannabis plant.
Most commonly found in lemongrass, this minty terpene provides a tingle and may detoxify the system and protect the stomach.
With notes of chamomile and tea tree oil, the terpene bisabolol is thought to help reduce inflammation and irritation. It may also have microbial and pain-reducing effects.
This terpene is deeply earthy and woody, like hops or cloves. Cannabis strains with this molecule may help reduce inflammation.
As the name suggests, this terpene produces an intense pine aroma. It in creases alertness and may help boost memory, reduce pain, and ease some of the not-so-pleasant symptoms of THC, such as nausea and coordination problems.
a-Phellandrene is a secondary terpene found in several eucalyptus plant species. Its aroma is described as herbaceous, woody, minty, and mildly citrus and is used for its antibacterial properties
Derived primarily from allspice, cardamom, and marjoram is often used for it's antibacterial properties as well as ability to calm the mind for focus or sleep.
The peppery, spicy molecule may help reduce anxiety, ease symptoms of depression, and improve ulcers.
Found in many plants, beta-Pinene is one of the most common terpenes found in the plant world. It supports the bladder and kidneys.
Found in many forest plants, this woody terpene has a calming effect
Caryophyllene-Oxide is the only terpene that can bind with the CB2 receptors in the human body. It can be used as an anti-inflammatory.
A compound found in citronella, this terpene has a citrus scent used to fight fatigue
With notes of eucalyptus and tea tree oil, this molecule is refreshing and invigorating. It may also help reduce inflammation and fight bacteria.
Found in many plants like basil, the benefits of this terpene provides a "waking" feeling without the side effects of many stimulants.
Also known as champacol. This terpene is considered to have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial health benefits.
Bright, zippy citrus notes come from this terpene. It’s said to improve mood and reduce stress.
Linalool is said to help improve relaxation and boost mood with its floral notes.
The most common terpene, this earthy, herbal molecule may help reduce anxiety and insomnia so you can sleep better.
It has a strong, woodsy scent, but can also be described as citrusy. Nerolidol is known for its relaxing effects. It's also known for having antioxidant, antifungal, anticancer, antimicrobial, and antiparasitic properties.
This terpene produces notes of basil, mango, and parsley. Its primary effects may include easing congestion and warding off viruses and bacteria.
This aromatic compound is woody, spicy and musty with hints of sweet citrus. It may help the body fight disease.
As the name suggests, this terpene produces an intense pine aroma. It may help boost memory, reduce pain, and ease some of the not-so-pleasant symptoms of THC, such as nausea and coordination problems.
Cannabis with this compound may smell like apples, cumin, and conifers. It may have sedative, antibacterial, and antifungal properties.
Some benefits may include antifungal qualities and antioxidant properties that slow the progression of diabetes and Alzheimer's disease from this spicy flavored terpene
Providing a calming feeling, this terpene has a lavender and lilac scent that may help reduce anxiety.